Bald Eagle

american-bald-eagle-10548366

ANIMAL:                                      Bald Eagle           Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Type of Animal: Eagle
Habitat: Wetlands, seacoasts, coastlines, rivers, lakes, marshes, streams, mangroves, shorelines, estuaries, pinelands, seasonally flooded flatwoods, hardwood swamps, groves, reservoirs, forests near bodies of water, riparian areas, pastureland/rangeland w/ trees, prairies, meadows, tundra, open forest, urban areas, rural areas, suburbs, dams, dumps, fish processing plants, open uplands near water, grasslands near water
Location(s): Alaska, Canada, continental US, & N Mexico
Appearance: Distinct brown feathers w/ white head & yellow hooked beak, yellow feet, dark talons, females larger than males, immatures dark brown w/ white streaks & black yellow tipped beak
Food/Diet: Fish (especially salmon but others too), carrion, refuse, birds up to size of cranes, vulture vomit, amphibians, turtles, young crocodilians, snakes, lizards, crabs, crayfish, rodents (including larger species like muskrat & beaver), small deer, moles, shrews, lagomorphs, sheep, otters, bobcat kittens, seal pups, domestic piglets, raccoons, cats, weasels, foxes, small dogs, mink
Status in Wild: Stable
Conservation: Banning of pesticide DDT in 1972 helped populations slowly recover. Removed from U.S. Endangered & Threatened Species List in 2007, even though populations have been stable since 1980’s.
Lifestyle: Monogamous pairs, sometimes found in groups of 4-30, especially at carcasses/salmon runs
Additional Info:
Males: Females: Young: Group:
Called: Tiercel Hen Eaglet Convocation
Weight: 9 lbs 12 lbs 2 lbs Gestation:

 

Life Span:

1 month
Height: 2.5-2.83 ft 2.91-3.08 ft
Body Length: 2.5-2.83 ft 2.91-3.08 ft 20-30 years
Tail Length: 1 ft Same
Main predators of adults are bears, wolves, & crocodilians. Owls, hawks, raccoons, gray squirrels, corvids, bobcats, gulls, golden eagles, other bald eagles (in rough times), wolverines, & foxes prey on young.
Pesticide DDT responsible for major decline in Bald Eagle populations until banning in 1972. This pesticide caused eggshells to thin, leading to less hatchings.
They often steal prey from other animals.
They play important roles in many Native American tribes.
Males have 5.9 ft wingspan while females have 7.5 ft wingspan.
Due to sibling rivalry, only 1 eaglet usually survives.
Fun Fact(s): They can dive up to 100 mph.
National symbol of the U.S.
Build huge nests known as aeries averaging 4-5 ft in diameter & 2-4 ft deep. Largest recorded was 9.5 ft in diameter, 20 ft deep, & weighed almost 3 tons.
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2 responses to this post.

  1. Posted by Silver Jonathan on September 2, 2016 at 2:27 pm

    Are they still endangered?

    Reply

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